Babylon has acquired a reputation of infamy…Regarded as a symbol of unrestrained vice, we are left with a picture of what can only be described as the ‘evil empire’. The High Culture of Bablyon however is shown by its enduring creation epic, the The Sumerian Anunnaki Enuma Elish.
This characterisation of Babylon undermines its significance and is partly the result of a misunderstanding of its culture…In Babylon Decoded, we shed light on Babylon’s culture, and hopefully it will be better understood and maybe redeemed.
The key to understanding Babylon is what is commonly understood as its mythology.
Ancient Texts like The Sumerian Anunnaki Enuma Elish and Epic of Gilgamesh ultimately reveal Babylon’s historical significance.
The Sumerian Anunnaki Enuma Elish
The Sumerian Anunnaki Enuma Elish (also known as The Seven Tablets of Creation) is the Mesopotamian creation epic. Tablets of the epic were found at Ashur, Kish, Ashurbanipal’s library at Nineveh, Sultantepe, and other excavated sites in Iraq, and they date as far back as 1100 BCE, but indications are that these are all copies of a much older version of the epic.
As we have shown in the our last article on, Ancient Mesopotamians already possessed a cosmology that explained the birth of our Solar system. This cosmology involving Marduk, (Nibiru) as the champion of the young gods in their war against Tiamat which resulted in Planetary collisions, the formation of Earth and the Asteroid Belt is contained in the Sumerian Anunnaki Enuma Elish.
The Sumerian Ea/Enki or Enlil is thought to have played the major role in the original version of the story, and Marduk, the god of Babylon, edited the story inserting himself prominently once he rose to supremacy and established Babylon as we have shown in.
Ea/Enki (Marduk’s Father) does still play an important part in the Babylonian version of the Enuma Elish by creating human beings as recorded in other Ancient Sumerian Texts such as the ‘Lost Book Of Enki’.
Marduk gained prominence in Babylon during the reign of Hammurabi (1792-1750 BCE) and superseded the popular goddess Inanna in worship. During Hammurabi’s reign, in fact, a number of previously popular female deities were replaced by male gods. The Sumerian Anunnaki Enuma Elish, praising Marduk as the most powerful of all the gods, therefore became increasingly popular as the god himself rose in prominence and his city of Babylon grew in power.
The Sumerian Anunnaki Enuma Elish would later be the inspiration for the Hebrew scribes who created the text now known as the biblical Book of Genesis. Prior to the 19th century CE, the Bible was considered the oldest book in the world and its narratives were thought to be completely original. In the mid-19th century CE, however, European museums, as well as academic and religious institutions, sponsored excavations in Mesopotamia to find physical evidence for historical corroboration of the stories in the Bible. These excavations found quite the opposite, however, in that, once cuneiform was translated, it was understood that a number of biblical narratives were Mesopotamian in origin.
Famous stories such as the Fall of Man and the Great Flood were originally conceived and written down in Sumer, translated and modified later in Babylon, and reworked by the Assyrians before they were used by the Hebrew scribes for the versions which appear in the Bible.
The Sumerian Anunnaki Enuma Elish was read and recited widely throughout Mesopotamia but was especially important at the New Year Festival in Babylon. During this festival the statue of Marduk would be taken from the temple and, amidst the revelers, was paraded through the streets of the city, out the gates, to `vacation’ in a small house built for this purpose.
The Enuma Elish’s , and by implication Babylon’s contribution to the modern world’s Cosmology and concept of Divinity is immeasurable. In the Sumerian Anunnaki Enuma Elish, a concept of the origins of the Universe and the role of the Gods and Mankind within it emerged that spread in various forms around the world.
The concept of a ‘Divine Book’ explaining the entirety of existence has its origins in Sumeria and later Babylon, and its quite conceivable that the Bible and other Religious Texts would not exist in their present form were it not for the inspiration the Enuma Elish provided particularly to the Israelites during the Babylonian captivity.
As for the splendour of Babylon, this scene from Oliver Stone’s ‘Alexander’ as Alexander enters Babylon for the first time captures the essence and magnificence of the City.
Keep it locked for Part 2 as we explore the Epic of Gilgamesh whose ideas on mortality and the afterlife continue to influence Theology today…For more Babylon magic, peep our Pinterest Pages Anunnaki Chronicles Board.
As always, when it comes to Ancient Astronauts and the Anunnaki Alien Civilization, we always recommend that you familiarise yourself with Zechariah Sitchin’s books and research which believe to be correct if you have not done so already.
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