The term Black To The Future describes Afrofuturism Culture and was coined by early Technoculture Writer Mark Dery in his 1993 essay “Black to the Future”.
Seminal Afrofuturistic works that define what is Afrofuturism Culture include the novels of Samuel R. Delany and Octavia Butler; the canvases of Jean-Michel Basquiat and Angelbert Metoyer, and the photography of Renée Cox; the explicitly extraterrestrial mythoi of Parliament-Funkadelic, the Jonzun Crew, Warp 9, Deltron 3030, and Sun Ra; and the Marvel Comics superhero Black Panther.
Afrofuturism And Blaxploitation
Afrofuturism can be distinguished from Blaxploitation, an ethnic subgenre of exploitation films emerging in the United States during the early 1970s. The films, portrayed famous but stereotypical Black characters like ‘Shaft’.
Although Blaxploitation films were originally made specifically for an urban black audience, the genre’s audience appeal soon broadened across racial and ethnic lines once Hollywood realized the potential profit of expanding the audiences of Blaxpoitation films across those racial lines.
The difference between Afrofuturism culture and Blaxploitation lies in the ability of Afrofuturist Protagonists to imagine a reality beyond their current experience, whereas characters like ‘Shaft’ almost revel in the ghetto experience without feeling the need to question how they got there, and whether perhaps the ghetto is not their natural home and should think of leaving.
Such fundamental questions are cast aside for purely visceral pleasures in Films like ‘Shaft’.
Afrofuturists however, directly confront the Social structure by questioning the ‘appropriate’ place for Black people firstly in Art, and by necessary extension Society…It is the rejection of a preconceived notion of the ‘role’ a Black person is expected to play in Art, and ultimately Society itself which is central to defining what is Afrofuturism.
Basquiat & Other Afrofuturist Artists
Jean-Michel Basquiat December 22, 1960 – August 12, 1988) was an American artist who during the late 1970s combined the hip hop, punk, street art movements with classical art.
You may remember the ‘Hip Hop Faculty’ entry we did on Graffiti and Basquiat last year. Since then, Basquiat’s ‘Untitled’ 1982 painting, depicting a skull, set a new record high for any U.S. artist at auction, selling for $110,500,000.
The mantle has been carried by quite a few Artists from the Eclectic Sun Ra and Grace Jones, with Janelle Monae representing the movement in Pop Culture today. The success of the Black Panther Movie has further cemented the appeal of the Afrofuturist aesthetic.
Afrofuturism represents a re-imagining of the Self beyond the limitations imposed by Society in both Art and life. In expressing themselves in unconventional ways, Afrofuturists challenge the normalization of Black stereotypes.
Read more articles below and join us as we continue in our exploration of this exciting emergent Culture.